High–level programming languages use English alphabets, words, and mathematical symbols. The programs written in high-level language need to be translated to machine language, using a compiler. High-level languages are easier to learn and use as compared to low-level languages.

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Today’s topic is “High-level Language”. Before starting of this topic we must know about the last content that is –
– What is Computer Language & Software?
– In detail Computer Language type description.


Some popular high-level programming languages are:-


FORTRAN stands for Formula Translator. Developed by John Backus and his team at IBM, it is used for scientific applications to do complicated calculations, as it is good in handling numbers.


COBOL stands for Common Business Oriented Language. Though FORTRAN was good at handling numbers, it had been not so good at handling input and output, which mattered more to business computing. Business computing started to rise in 1959, and COBOL was developed to write down programs to handle business tasks and processing. COBOL statements even have a really English-like grammar, making it quite easy to find out.


PASCAL is known as after the French mathematician, Pascal. It was developed by Niklaus Wirth in 1968. Pascal combined the best features of the languages in use at the time: COBOL and FORTRAN. While doing so, many of the irregularities and odd statements of these languages were cleaned up, which helped it gain popularity. PASCAL is used for mathematical and scientific purposes. The latest version of PASCAL is Turbo Pascal 7.

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